Grains

The Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development has significant direct investment in grains research, development and extension capability and activities, research infrastructure and policy development.

The Western Australian grains industry is a major contributor to the agrifood sector and the Australian economy. WA produces on average 13 million tonnes of grains (cereals, oilseeds and pulses) each year. Grain exports generate more than $4 billion (five year average) for the WA economy each year – making it the largest agricultural sector in the state, and the fourth largest export industry overall after iron ore, oil and gas, and gold.

WA exports about 80% of its annual grain production to more than 50 countries worldwide. Indonesia is WA’s top wheat export market worth over $0.5 billion per year. WA is the world’s leading supplier of premium malting barley to China, the major supplier of wheat for the Japanese udon noodle market, and a major feed barley supplier to the Middle East.

In the 2014/15 season it is estimated the WA grains industry exported a total of $3.7 billion of cereals and $790 billion of pulse, pasture and oilseeds. The major contributors to these exports were wheat ($2.7 billion), barley ($905 million), canola ($710 million), oats ($83 million) and lupins ($77 million).

Articles

  • Poor, dry seasons can cause crops (cereals, lupins and canola) to be patchy and short.

  • Nitrous oxide, a highly active greenhouse gas, is released from pastures and crops using nitrogen fertilisers.

  • The aim of carbon farming is to sequester more carbon and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, as part of Australia's response to climate change.

  • Adult and nymph aphids suck sap with large populations limiting grain yield and size, especially winter and spring infestations.

  • 'Regional Research Agronomy' is the abbreviated working title for the 'Building crop protection and crop production agronomy research and development capacity in regional Western Australia' project

  • Stunted plant with thickened leaves and reddened margins

    Beet western yellows virus (BWYV)?that has been renamed Turnip Yellows virus (TuYV)?is an aphid-borne virus that causes yield and quality losses in canola.? It also infects other crop and pasture s

  • Frost is difficult to manage. It has a significant economic and emotional impact on the whole community.

  • Frost occurs on clear nights in early spring when the air temperature drops to 2°C or less.

  • Spring frosts occasionally cause drastic reductions in crop yields in localised parts of the Western Australian wheatbelt.

  • Frost risk occurs virtually every year across southern and eastern agricultural regions. Actual occurrence of frost is determined by location and landscape factors as well as climate.

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